Wrapper leaf is one of three main parts of the cigar. The other two parts being Binder and Filler tobaccos. A cigar’s wrapper is probably the first thing you notice when you look at a cigar. Along with hopefully making a cigar visually appealing, a wrapper leaf’s Influence on the cigar’s flavor will vary with the vitola.
A cigar’s wrapper leaf is typically named by the region they are grown in. Examples of this naming convention are Ecuadoran Connecticut, Cuban Corojo, Nicaraguan Sumatra, etc.
Below is a list of seven popular wrapper leaves and two other types of wrapper that are created by different fermentation processes.
1. Broadleaf Tobacco Wrappers
Broadleaf tobacco wrappers are large, thick leaves. This particular leaf is well suited for the maduro fermentation process due to these characteristics. Broadleaf was mostly used on machine made cigars until the early 2000’s when it started to appear on more premium cigars.
Example: La Gloria Cubana Serie R
2. Cameroon Tobacco Wrappers
Cameroon tobacco is a delicate wrapper that is typically a dark brown with some reddish tones. Cameroon is a smaller leaf that is not suited for large vitolas.
Example: Cohiba Cigars
3. Connecticut Tobacco Wrappers
Connecticut tobacco wrapper is grown under shade between May and September in the Connecticut River Valley. This leaf is very pliable and can be stretched for a very smooth, attractive look on a cigar. Connecticut wrappers are typically light brown or tan in color.
Example: Graycliff G2
4. Corojo Tobacco Wrappers
Corojo tobacco was developed in the 1930’s. It was the foremost used wrapper for Cuban cigars until the 1990’s. Corojo is primarily a shade grown leaf like the Connecticut leaf.
Example: Victor Sinclair Triple Corojo
5. Sumatra Tobacco Wrappers
Sumatra tobacco wrapper has similar properties to a Connecticut wrapper but comes in a variety of colors and has more flavor.
Examples of cigars using this leaf include the Oliva V Melanio, La Gloria Cubana Reserva Figurado and the La Flor Dominicana Factory Press Limitado.
6. Maduro Tobacco Wrappers
Maduro tobacco wrappers are developed by either a longer, more intense fermentation or intentionally harvested to produce the darker color. Maduro wrappers are typically made with a Connecticut broadleaf but, other leaves can be fermented to create this darker colored wrapper.
Example: Oliva Serie O’ Maduro
7. Candela Tobacco Wrappers
Candela is another wrapper whose color can be directly attributed to its fermentation process. Almost the exact opposite of a Maduro fermentation, Candela wrapper is created by high heat over a short duration to lock in the chlorophyll and create the trademark green color.
Tobacco wrappers come in many different shades, even within the same category. The most traditional shades are described as Double Claro, Claro, Colorado Claro, Colorado, Colorado Rosado, Colorado Maduro, Maduro and Oscuro.Comparing 7 Types of Tobacco Wrappers by Tom Ufer